Ed Lake's web page
Time Work cover
If you want my opinion ......
you've come to the right place.
Welcome to Ed Lake's web site!

I also have an interactive blog open for discussions
at this link: http://oldguynewissues.blogspot.com/

My latest comments are near the bottom of this page.
You can go directly to them by clicking HERE.

Click HERE to go to the site archives.

A Crime Unlike Any Other book
Available in paperback and Kindle.  Click HERE for details.

Available at Amazon.com and Barnes & Noble.

clipper cover, b
Click HERE to go to my web site about the anthrax attacks of 2001.
Click HERE to access my scientific papers about time dilation, Special Relativity, etc.
Click HERE to go to my Facebook group about Time and Time Dilation. Click HERE to go to my notes about scientific topics discussed on this web site.

My interests are writing, books, movies, science, psychology, conspiracy theorists,
photography, photographic analysis, TV, travel, mysteries, jazz, blues, and ...

just trying to figure things out.

Astronomy example picture big sleep
time article
Available to read on Kindle.  Click HERE for details.                                   I have a fascination with Time and Time Dilation.         Other interests: Movies and Science Podcasts Click on the above image to view a larger version.

My Latest Comments

Comments for Sunday, April 11, 2021, thru Sat., April 17, 2021:

April 16, 2021
- Hmm.  When I woke up this morning, my subconscious mind presented me with the solution to a problem I hadn't realized existed.  It relates to the thought experiment where a pulsar is used to measure time dilation.  Here's the illustration I used in the thought experiment described in my May 31, 2015, paper "Time Dilation Re-Visualized":

pulsar time dilation experiment

The pulsar rotates, sending a beam of light out like a lighthouse, hitting the earth once per second.  Using that beam as a clock that can be seen from both the earth and from a space ship traveling at 99.5% of the speed of light toward Alpha Centauri, because a second will be 10 times longer on the space ship, it will see the pulsar pulsing 10 times per second.

Yet, in the sci.physics.relativity UseNet/Google Discussion thread I started about this topic on March 16 someone named "Mitchell Raemisch" kept posting messages saying the clock would run slow and therefore be inaccurate.  When I asked several times what he meant, getting no answer, people on the forum told me "Mitchell Raemisch" was actually a robot.  I thought that was interesting, but it was also time for me to stop responding to posts in the thread, so I did.  Then, this morning, I realized the "robot" was right - sort of.

The pulsar rotates counter-clockwise once per Earth second.  The space ship heading to Alpha Centauri is moving at a right angle to the light from the pulsar.  That means that every revolution of the pulsar the light will hit the moving space ship a very tiny fraction of a second later than on the previous revolution.  If the distance from Earth to Alpha Centauri is one degree of revolution for the pulsar, and if the pulsar flashes 31,536,000 times during the ten year experiment, during the entire trip from Earth to Alpha Centauri, the pulsar clock will run about a billionth of a second slow.  But on the return trip from Alpha Centauri back to Earth, the pulsar clock will run about a billionth of a second fast.  So, it has absolutely no effect on the experiment.  However, if you are a mathematician, it might be a serious problem to incorporate that change in clock times into an equation. 

This morning I posted a message to "Mitchell Raemisch," addressing him as "Mr. Robot," and thanking him for bringing the issue to my attention.  Then "Odds Bodkin" immediately responded, advising me that "Mitchell Raemisch" is NOT a robot, he's a "homeless drifter, living in the Pacific Northwest, sometimes in other people’s unlocked cars."  Either way, I'm glad he brought the issue to my attention.  And I stated so in the 706th message in the thread.

April 15, 2021
- Two days ago, while working on my new book, tentatively titled "Logical Relativity," I began working on a chapter about Einstein's Second Postulate.  I did some research and found a couple dozen different versions of that Postulate in textbooks and science books, some of them referring to "the constancy of the speed of light."  Then I started studying what Einstein wrote about "the constancy of the speed of light." BOOM!  It blew my mind!  What Einstein wrote didn't stun me, it was my analysis of what he wrote and the implications I hadn't thought about before.

I immediately stopped working on the book and copied everything I had written in that chapter into science paper format, titling the paper "Analyzing 'Constancy of the Speed of Light'."  Yesterday evening it seemed like I was about 80% finished with the paper, but, when I woke this morning, my mind was racing on about things I hadn't previously thought about.  So, I'm probably more like 50% done.  But I still hope to have it on-line sometime next week.

One idea that never occurred to me before relates to the pulsar experiment, where one twin travels at extremely high speeds to Alpha Centauri while the other twin stays at home on earth, and they use a pulsar as a clock to measure time in both locations.  If you are moving toward a star at high speeds, the photons from that star are going to hit you the same way photons from a radar gun hit an oncoming car -- at c+v.  And when the car receives those photons, it receives them as if they were oscillating at a higher rate.  Atoms in the car then emit NEW photons that have the higher oscillation rate back to the radar gun.  The gun measures the difference in oscillation rates between what it emitted and what it received back and computes the speed of the car.

Now, suppose that instead of moving at earth traffic speeds, you are in a space ship heading for Alpha Centauri at speeds approaching the speed of light.  Alpha Centauri is now the "radar gun" emitting photons at you. It is emitting photons in the visible light range, but as you increase speed toward Alpha Centauri, the photons will start hitting you as if they had shorter and shorter wavelengths and higher and higher energy levels. 

wave frequency chart
As you can see in the chart above, very quickly the visible light photons will hit you as if they were ultra-violet light photons.  Then as if they were X-ray photons.  Then as if they were stronger and stronger Gamma ray photons.

I haven't done the math, but if you travel toward Alpha Centauri at 298,290 kilometers per second, which is the speed you need to reach in order to make 1 second on your space ship equal to 10 seconds back on Earth, your space ship is going to be hit with ever-increasing numbers of extremely energetic Gamma ray photons that will blast apart every atom in your space ship.

Meanwhile, of course, if there are any mathematicians aboard your ship, they will all be arguing that it doesn't matter how fast you go, the light photons from Alpha Centauri will still only hit you at c, never at c+v, which is their screwball interpretation of "the constancy of the speed of light."  

April 12, 2021
- I've finally managed to get started on my book "Logical Relativity."  It's currently 7 pages long, all of which require a lot of revising.  I decided to begin with the conflict over Einstein's Second Postulate.  All other problems and conflicts I plan to write about seem to stem from there. 

I suppose I should be spending my time promoting my sci-fi novel, "Time Work," but I just cannot resist working on "Logical Relativity."  I didn't write "Time Work" to make money, and I certainly do not expect "Logical Relativity" to be a "runaway bestseller."  I'll probably be lucky if it sells 10 copies.  I write because I like writing.  That's why I have this web site, too.  The biggest problem I have is: Which should I work on?  You cannot write two different things at once.  So, to write this comment I had to stop working on "Logical Relativity" for awhile.  And I think I've done enough to qualify as a "comment," so now I'll get back to work on "Logical Relativity."

April 11, 2021
I finally managed to stop arguing on the sci.physics.relativity discussion forum.  But that doesn't mean the arguments have ended.  As of this morn
ing there are 682 messages in the thread I started back on March 16.  The arguments now almost entirely just consist of some angry guys hurling insults at other angry guys and getting insults hurled back.  The conversations in which I took part, however, were generally (and surprisingly) without insults.  And they were very interesting.  When you explain something to someone in 20 different ways, you will understand it much better yourself, and it helps you see which way is the best way to explain something.

I still do not have a single word written for my new book "Logical Relativity." However, that is only because I've been doing some critical research.  About five years ago, I got into studying Time Dilation and Relativity because I was seeing endless arguments over Einstein's Second Postulate, and I was also seeing that nearly every book and textbook seems to include a slightly different version of that postulate.  That made no sense to me at all, since there can be no doubt about what Einstein wrote and meant.  It seemed to me the only reason for using a different Second Postulate is to argue against what Einstein wrote and meant by claiming that is not what Einstein actually meant

A few days ago, I started researching the different versions, going through one textbook after another to see which version they use.  I classified the first 27 of them into Good Versions (4), Helpful Versions (4), Unhelpful Versions (7) and Bad Versions (12).  Plus discovered I have 3 different translations of Einstein's paper from 1905 that started it all, each with a slightly different version of the Second Postulate.  Here are those three versions:
1) light is always propagated in empty space with a definite velocity c which is independent of the state of motion of the emitting body.

2) in empty space light is always propagated with a definite velocity v which is independent of the state of motion of the emitting body.

3) light is propagated in vacant space, with a velocity c which is independent of the nature of motion of the emitting body.    
Compare them to these 3 "bad" versions:
1) Light propagates through empty space with a definite speed c independent of the speed of the source or observer.

2) The speed of light in free space has the same value for all observers, regardless of their state of motion.

3) The speed of light in vacuum has the same value, c = 3.00 x 108 m/s in all inertial frames, regardless of the velocity of the observer or the velocity of the source emitting the light.”

Einstein's Second Postulate is only about the speed of light relative to the emitter.  The "bad" versions say the speed of light is the same for an observer as it is for the emitter.  As I see it, that is totally untrue and is demonstrated to be wrong every day.  Radar guns require that the target (the observer) receive light at c+v or c-v.  That's how radar guns measure v, which is the speed of the target.  Under some very specific circumstances, a moving observer can - in theory - observe a passing photon to be traveling at c, but Einstein clearly just described those circumstances to help people better understand how time dilation works, not to provide anyone with a different Second Postulate.

Meanwhile, as I was driving around doing some chores yesterday, I was listening to an audio book titled "At the Edge of Time" by Dan Hooper, and I heard something else I consider to be total nonsense:
And just as there is no center of the surface of the Earth, there is no center of the expanding universe. Any observer, located anywhere in our universe, will observe the same recession of galaxies that Hubble discovered.
          When I’m explaining this idea in a classroom or in a public lecture, it’s usually around this time that someone asks, “But what is space expanding into?” Most people picture expanding space as a process of space growing into, or gradually taking up, some other region of space—like the volume of an inflating balloon. But this misses the point of what we mean when we say “space.” Space can’t expand into other space. When we say that space is expanding, we mean all of space, not just some of it. There is nothing for space to grow or expand into. If there were, we would call that thing space. The space of our universe is getting larger, but without moving into anything else. 
To me, that is just mumbo jumbo obfuscation. When looking at things logically, there is absolutely no reason why the Big Bang universe cannot be expanding into an "infinite universe" that we can also call "space."  I illustrated that concept in a drawing I created about a year ago:
                          two univeses
This view of the universe, which I describe in detail in my paper "Logical vs Mathematical Universes" is perfectly logical, but mathematicians simply cannot cope with it.  They cannot cope with an "infinite universe" because there is no way to measure where it ends.  If they cannot measure it, then it cannot exist!

This will go into my book somewhere, as will a discussion of using a pulsar as a clock to measure time dilation, and a detailed description of the crazy arguments about which Second Postulate is the one Einstein used and why the version used in many many textbooks is wrong.

My biggest problem right now just seems to be: where to start?  What do I write about first?  I'm leaning toward writing about measuring time dilation with a pulsar first.  It's a good "lead in" that won't scare people off, as a lengthy analysis of all the different versions of Einstein's Second Postulate might.  That analysis might cause mathematicians to rise up and view me as a warlock or sorcerer.  

Comments for Thursday, April 1, 2021, thru Sat., April 10, 2021:

April 8, 2021 - This morning I finally ended my participation in the discussion thread titled "Using a pulsar as a clock to measure time dilation" that I started on March 16 on the sci.physics.relativity forum.   The thread currently contains 608 messages.  I doubt that that is a record, but it is certainly the longest thread I ever started. 

It ended with another argument over Einstein's Second Postulate, probably close to the thousandth argument I've had on that topic.  I had written:
If photons are emitted at 299,792.458 kilometers PER SECOND in a stationary system, and 299,792.458 kilometers PER SECOND in a moving system, the photons from the stationary system will travel FASTER than photons from the moving system, BECAUSE A SECOND IS SHORTER IN THE STATIONARY SYSTEM.

Einstein didn't spell things out in his 1905 paper the way I just did.
To which Rob Acraman replied:
In fact, not just his 1905 paper, but Einstein didn't spell things out the way just just did EVER. Not once, in any of his papers or books. That should tell you something.
And, as part of my final post in that thread I responded:
It tells me that YOU need to do more research. Here is what Einstein said in his book "Autobiographical Notes," which is also part of a book titled "Einstein: Philosopher-Scientist" by Paul Arthur Schilpp. It's on page 61:

"The speed of light c: is one of the quantities which occurs as 'universal constant' in physical equations. If, however, one introduces as unit of time - instead of the second - the time in which light travels 1 cm, c no longer occurs in the equations. In this sense one could say that the constant c is only an apparently universal constant."

So, c is a "universal constant" ONLY in the sense that light always travels at c. However, c is NOT a universal constant when you understand that c varies depending upon the length of a second at the point of emission.  
I'd come across that quote from Einstein only the day before.  I'd never heard of  the book "Autobiographical Notes" before. 

The previous day I'd had a similar argument.  The same guy, Rob Acraman, had argued that Einstein never said, wrote nor implied that light from a sun would travel faster than light from an object moving away from the sun at 1,000 kilometers per second.  And I found a quote from his  paper "The Principle Ideas of the Theory of Relativity" which said exactly the same thing I had just said.
If I were to continue the argument, Rob Acraman would just argue the same things, just phrasing things differently and arguing that my wording is somewhat different than Einstein's wording.  So, I dropped out of the discussion.  And I started working on a book titled "Logical Relativity."  So far, I just have a blank first page.  I really need to find the time to work on it.  But I have so many other things going on!  I just spent an hour writing this comment!  There just aren't enough hours in a day! 

April 4, 2021
Every morning when I turn on my computer, one of the first things I do is check Amazon's web site to see if I sold any books in the past 24 hours.  This morning the chart showed I sold a paperback book.  Here's what the chart looks like, but you'll have to click on it and on "view image" to see a larger, more easily readable version:

Book sales chart 04/04/2021

What it shows is that in the past month I sold 2 copies of "A Crime Unlike Any Other," one copy of "Clipper" and one copy of "Analyzing the Anthrax Attacks: The First Three Years".  The copy of "A Crime Unlike Any Other" that I sold yesterday was in paperback format.  The one sold on March 15 was a Kindle copy, and so was the copy of "Analyzing the Anthrax Attacks" that I sold on March 9.  I only have "Clipper" in Kindle format, so, of course, it was a Kindle book, too.

The last time I sold a copy of my newest book, "Time Work," was on March 3, over a month ago.  I can explain the lack of sales for that book: I haven't been promoting it.  Almost no one knows about it.  But, I haven't been promoting any of my books, so how do I explain the sales of "A Crime Unlike Any Other"?  I think it may be because the conspiracy theorists are still arguing about the anthrax attacks of 2001, we're nearing the 20-year anniversary of the attacks, and there is at least one new TV show about it in the works.  So, people are looking for information about the attacks.  Almost any search will take them to my anthaxinvestigation web site where my book is advertised.  I can't explain the sale of "Clipper," nor the sale of "Analyzing the Anthrax Attacks: The First Three Years."  Even more odd is the fact that that book about the early days of the anthrax investigation was paid for in Indian Rupees.

I really need to try to promote "Time Work."  I really want to know what people think of it.  If I can get people to buy it, maybe they will also write a review for Amazon's site.

But, it seems like the only thing I can think about these days is the arguments I'm having on the sci.physics.relativity forum.  There are now 538 messages in the thread I started on March 16 about "Using a Pulsar to Measure Time Dilation."  That probably isn't a record, but it's more messages than there are in any other discussion thread accessed by anyone so far this year, and it's undoubtedly more than 20 times the average number of messages in a typical thread.

I'm looking for a way to end the thread.  It seems I now have two experiments which can end countless arguments about time dilation and special relativity.  The Pulsar experiment is one, and the truck experiment is the other.  I can't get anyone to discuss the Pulsar experiment - anyone except the "robot" that evidently cannot understand how a pulsar can be used as a clock.  But virtually everyone on the sci.physics.relativity forum argues that my truck experiment will not work.  They simply cannot believe that it is possible to measure the speed of a truck from inside the close back of the truck.  My experiments with radar guns, and my research into how radar guns work, tells me that there is no doubt that my proposed experiment will work.  I just don't have the resources to perform the experiment.  I can only hope that someone who reads that thread will be able to acquire the necessary equipment to do the experiment.

Meanwhile, I want to start working on a paper titled "Two argument-ending experiments," or something like that.  The two experiments would put an end to at least a hundred different arguments about physics, relativity and time dilation.  One person on the sci.physics.relativity forum keeps saying that I'd win the Nobel Prize if the truck experiment works.  I tend to think that there are countless scientists who already know it would work, but they just don't want to get into arguments with mathematicians about it.  Or, there may be no way to precisely control radar gun emission frequencies.  But, if that were true, I would think someone would have stated so by now.

It's all very fascinating stuff for me.  I apologize if it is of no interest at all to most readers of this web site.

April 2, 2021
- Yesterday afternoon, while driving home from the gym, I finished listening to CD #7 of the 7-CD, 8-hour, 49 minute audio book version of "Incognito: The Secret Lives of the Brain" by David Eagleman.


Wow!  What a terrific and fascinating book!  I probably should have read it on my Kindle instead of listening to the audio book version, since there are many many passages in the book I would have wanted to underline and save as notes.  Instead, I had to try to remember to make notes when I got home, copying and pasting from a digital copy.  Here are a couple passages from early in the book:
The first thing we learn from studying our own [brain] circuitry is a simple lesson: most of what we do and think and feel is not under our conscious control. The vast jungles of neurons operate their own programs. The conscious you—the I that flickers to life when you wake up in the morning—is the smallest bit of what’s transpiring in your brain. Although we are dependent on the functioning of the brain for our inner lives, it runs its own show. Most of its operations are above the security clearance of the conscious mind.

Your consciousness is like a tiny stowaway on a transatlantic steamship, taking credit for the journey without acknowledging the massive engineering underfoot.
That is essentially what the book is about: How our brain is like a large corporation where different departments handle different functions that the chief officer of the corporation is almost unaware of.  Here are two more passages from early in the book: 
Brains are in the business of gathering information and steering behavior appropriately. It doesn’t matter whether consciousness is involved in the decision making. And most of the time, it’s not. Whether we’re talking about dilated eyes, jealousy, attraction, the love of fatty foods, or the great idea you had last week, consciousness is the smallest player in the operations of the brain. Our brains run mostly on autopilot, and the conscious mind has little access to the giant and mysterious factory that runs below it.

You see evidence of this when your foot gets halfway to the brake before you consciously realize that a red Toyota is backing out of a driveway on the road ahead of you. You see it when you notice your name spoken in a conversation across the room that you thought you weren’t listening to, when you find someone attractive without knowing why, or when your nervous system gives you a “hunch” about which choice you should make.
I've many written comments here about how I wake up in the morning with some new idea or new realization because my unconscious brain was working on it all night long while my conscious mind was asleep.  What the author of "Incognito" says is that the "unconscious brain" is actually many many little pockets of my brain that each handle certain kinds of puzzles.  If something doesn't quite make sense to me, parts of my brain will work on it until it does make sense.  Then that part of my brain will notify my conscious mind.  And I'll think "Ah!  Okay.  That makes sense!"  Or maybe, "Hmm.  I need to find more information about that before it can make any sense."

About one third of our brain is devoted to vision.  Little parts of your brain know that things in the distance only appear smaller than things nearby.  Another part knows about how shadows can hide things.  Another part knows about motion and how to figure out trajectories.  Another part knows about colors.  All these parts are figuring things out while you conscious mind just enjoys the scenery.  If something strange happens, the part that notices it will notify your conscious mind.  Fascinating stuff, particularly when the author talks about people who had some kind of injury that affects one of those minor departments in the brain.  Suddenly you cannot see motion, you only see a stationary car in one place, then in another place, then another.  A blind person understands a room only in three dimensions.  A blueprint of the room makes no sense at all.

And then, of course, there are the battles between the "departments."  One part wants sugar, another knows too much sugar is not good for me.

It was a fascinating book that I can highly recommend.  

Maybe it will help me in the seemingly endless arguments I've been having with mathematicians about Time, Time Dilation and Relativity.  Our conscious minds are just not getting the same information from our unconscious minds.  We see the same things very differently. 

April 1, 2021
While eating lunch yesterday, I finished reading another library book on my Kindle.  The book was "Think Again: The Power of Knowing What You Don't Know" by Adam Grant.

Think Again

While I started out enjoying the book very much, it became very repetitive, tedious and boring as I neared the end.  To my pleasant surprise, the "end" occurred about 50% of the way through the Kindle book.  After that it is all notes and references.

The book is mainly about rethinking what we "know" and believe" to see if it fits with the facts.  Here's a quote from early in the book:
I can’t think of a more vital time for rethinking. As the coronavirus pandemic unfolded, many leaders around the world were slow to rethink their assumptions—first that the virus wouldn’t affect their countries, next that it would be no deadlier than the flu, and then that it could only be transmitted by people with visible symptoms. The cost in human life is still being tallied.
And here's another paragraph from early in the book which explains the basic idea behind the book:
As we think and talk, we often slip into the mindsets of three different professions: preachers, prosecutors, and politicians. In each of these modes, we take on a particular identity and use a distinct set of tools. We go into preacher mode when our sacred beliefs are in jeopardy: we deliver sermons to protect and promote our ideals. We enter prosecutor mode when we recognize flaws in other people’s reasoning: we marshal arguments to prove them wrong and win our case. We shift into politician mode when we’re seeking to win over an audience: we campaign and lobby for the approval of our constituents. The risk is that we become so wrapped up in preaching that we’re right, prosecuting others who are wrong, and politicking for support that we don’t bother to rethink our own views.
The book promotes scientific thinking.  Here's a quote about that:
Scientific thinking favors humility over pride, doubt over certainty, curiosity over closure. When we shift out of scientist mode, the rethinking cycle breaks down, giving way to an overconfidence cycle. If we’re preaching, we can’t see gaps in our knowledge: we believe we’ve already found the truth.
And here's one final quote which I noted because it reminds me of the arguments I have I on the sci.physics.relativity discussion forum:
In the hierarchy of disagreement created by computer scientist Paul Graham, the highest form of argument is refuting the central point, and the lowest is name-calling.
I've been trying to refute their central argument about what is Einstein's Second Postulate, but the main counter argument they seem to have is name calling.  I wish I had the time to go through the 443 messages in the thread I started on March 16 to see how many include name calling.  Mostly it is just name calling between the others on the forum, but from time to time they call me an "idiot" or worse.  The last three messages in the thread as of this moment involve calling one another "Stupid Ken," "Stupid Mike" and "moron."  Fortunately, the last message addressed to me includes no name calling, it's just an argument about what constitutes an "inertial system.  I wrote:
A truck is a PROPELLED SYSTEM, even when it is moving at a constant speed. It is NOT an "inertial system" and if used as a "frame of reference" it will give unexpected results.
To which "Michael Moroney" responded:
Wrong. If it is moving at a constant speed it is inertial BY DEFINITION. Since it is inertial, it can be used as an inertial frame of reference. "Propelled system" is bogus, since the propulsion exists ONLY to overcome air resistance and friction.
As I see it, he is totally wrong on a FUNDAMENTAL concept in physics.  Here's the definition of "inertial system" from Dictionary.com:
a frame of reference in which a body remains at rest or moves with constant linear velocity unless acted upon by forces: any frame of reference that moves with constant velocity relative to an inertial system is itself an inertial system.
A moving truck is NOT an inertial system, because it is being "acted upon by forces" which make the truck move.  It has an engine that creates force to propel the truck at some given speed.   Remove that force and the truck will slow to a stop due to "air resistance and friction" and will them become part of the system that is the surface of the earth.  Is that system "inertial"?  It does NOT involve "linear" motion.  Here's what Encyclopedia Britannica says about that:
Strictly speaking, Newton's laws of motion are valid only in a coordinate system at rest with respect to the “fixed” stars. ... A coordinate system attached to the Earth is not an inertial reference frame because the Earth rotates and is accelerated with respect to the Sun.
This is about as fundamental as you can get in physics.  Yet, somehow nearly everyone on that forum thinks that a truck moving at a constant speed is an "inertial system."  I'll try explaining why a truck is not an inertial system, but I doubt I'll be able to change any minds.  More likely, they will just start calling me names.

Comments for Sunday, March 28, 2021, thru Wed., March 31, 2021:

March 29, 2021 - This morning I received an email from that relative who is reading my sci-fi novel "Time Work." She wrote:
I was just watching a program on TV. The program was talking about Ron Mallett. Ron Mallett is working on time travel like in your book. What a strange coincidence.
What is a "coincidence" for her is clearly not a coincidence for me, since I'm involved in discussions about time and time travel nearly every day. Strangely, however, I never heard of Ron Mallett beforeAccording to Wikipedia, Professor Mallett is currently working on building a time machine.  Or he is working on getting funding to build a time machine.  The Wikipedia article also includes comments from other scientists who feel that Mallet's paper about his time travel idea contains some fundamental flaws.  In 2006, Mallet wrote a book titled "Time Traveler: A Scientist's Personal Mission to Make Time Travel a Reality."  Spike Lee announced in 2008 that he was going to make a movie based on the film.  The movie still seems to be "in the works," and the book seems to be mostly an autobiography.  I'm not sure what to make of any of this.

Meanwhile, overnight there was a flood of about two dozen new messages in the thread I started on the sci.physics.relativity forum on March 16.  I'd mentioned my sci-fi novel on the forum, and one of the guys who attacks everything I write there complained that it was "spam."  I also mentioned the book in a comment on the Science Fiction & Fantasy Chronicles forum, and the mention was deleted from the rest of the comment for a similar reason: I haven't been a member long enough to use the forum to promote something.

I'd certainly like to get more people to buy "Time Work," but I'm also very interested in what people think of the anti-time time travel idea.

March 28, 2021
Groan!  If I previously couldn't find enough time to do all the things I want to do in a day, returning to my regular gym routine has made things even worse.  For the past year I was just going for a walk each day (when snow or freezing cold winds didn't prevent it), and I could go when there was time to go.  It could be anywhere from 12:30, just after lunch, to 4:30 p.m, just before supper.  Going to the gym means going right after lunch.  Period.  And it takes a bit over an hour, while my daily walks just took half that - and I could often get some grocery shopping done while doing the walks.  Now, grocery shopping has to be done after going to the gym.

Meanwhile, I've received another "book review" for "Time Work."  This one was from a relative who I don't think has read a novel in a long long time, and she's only just begun reading "Time Work."  She said that she was enjoying "the story line" but wondered why I say the TV on the wall in the gizmo truck is a "55-inch flat-screen TV," instead of just saying its an "extra large TV." 

I replied that it was just a personal preference, plus there is a mention of a 75-inch flat-screen TV later in the book.  If I called the first one an "extra large TV," I'd have to call the second one an "extra extra large TV."  And everyone would be wondering what the hell that is.

Actually, while doing my final revisions, I wondered about calling it a "flat screen TV," since all TVs these days are "flat screen" TVs.  So, why not just say it's "a 55 inch TV"?  I decided that calling it "a 55 inch TV" seems kind of odd and insufficiently descriptive.  Researching it yesterday, I find that the Internet ads call them "55-inch class TVs" or "55-inch LED TVs" or "55-inch HD LED TVs" or "55-inch FHD TVs."  It seems like no one ever uses the term "flat screen" anymore.  But what would novelists use?  Doesn't "55 inch flat screen TV" make it easier to visualize?  I don't know, but I don't think it's worth changing.  And calling it an "HD LED TV" just makes the reader think those details will be important later, otherwise why would I mention them?

Meanwhile, the arguments on the sci.physics.relativity forum continue to rage. Some are pretty interesting.  Someone named "
Mitchell Raemsch" kept asking odd questions about pulsars slowing down, and I kept telling him that pulsars are extremely constant and only slow down a few microseconds in a billion years.

Then someone named "Rotchm" wrote me:
Ed, do you realize that "Raemsch" is not a real person? Its a troll/bot.
Everyone here knows this, since its so obvious.
"Raemsch" is a robot?  No, I didn't realize that.  I don't argue on that forum that often.  I replied,
Nothing I've seen indicates that it is a robot. And if it IS a robot,
then arguing with it could be interesting. Can you educate a robot?
It might be interesting to find out.
The reply from "Rotchm" was,
But not here. There are sites for that and this NG is not such a site/place.
There are sites for arguing with robots?  I suppose there could be.  Researching it yesterday, I found there certainly seem to be such sites, although it seems you might have to pay a fee to do it.  In addition, of course, that would just be another way of wasting time that I don't have.  Instead, I'm waiting for "Raemsch" to post something else, but he/she/it hasn't done so yet.  I keep thinking I want to ask it: "Raemsch, what is a clock?"  If it responds like an Alexa robot, that would be interesting.  If it doesn't, that could be interesting, too.

This morning there are 328 messages in that thread I started on March 16, twelve more than when I turned off my computer yesterday evening.  And I hadn't had the time to respond to most of the messages addressed to me at that time.  The messages are mostly repetitive.  I'm going to have to figure a way to respond that won't get me into an endless argument.  I've learned a lot about how the people on that forum view things.  So, I need to write a response that addresses all of them and shows how they distort arguments in order to justify their beliefs.  But, most of all I need to think about writing new versions of some of my papers, or a totally new paper, that really examines the idea of using a pulsar as a clock when doing a time dilation experiment.  Such an experiment really addresses some key issues in Relativity and Time Dilation in a new way, eliminating about 90% of the causes of most disputes.

Yet, I only mentioned pulsars in the first three versions of "Time Dilation Re-Visualized," which I initially uploaded on May 31, 2015.  It appears is was my FIRST science paper.  It was a version of my web page "Time Dilation - as I Understand It," that I created over a year earlier.  Then, for some long forgotten reason, in October 2016 I revised the paper, eliminating the pulsar illustration and re-titling the paper "Time Dilation Without Relativity."  A month later, I rewrote and renamed the paper "Understanding Time Dilation."  And in May 2017, I rewrote it again, changed the title again, and eliminated all mention of pulsars.

I'm going to have to fix that.  The idea of using a pulsar to measure Time Dilation may be the best idea I've ever had in the area of Time Dilation and Relativity. 

Comments for Sunday, March 21, 2021, thru Sat., March 27, 2021:

March 27, 2021 - Last night, instead of watching TV, I decided to finish listening to an audio book I'd obtained from my local library months ago.  I'd been listening to it off and on ever since.  It's a 16-part, 16 hour, 18 minute audio book titled "The Daily Show (The Book): An Oral History as Told by Jon Stewart, the Correspondents, Staff and Guests" by Chris Smith. 

The Daily Show

The book is not only an interesting history of The Daily Show from around 1999 to 2015, when Jon Stewart was the host, it's also an interesting history of those times.  I think I was a regular viewer for Stewart's entire run.  I certainly remember the show he did after 9/11.  They'd been off the air for a few days, and I think everyone was waiting for them to return to the airwaves so that we could see and hear what Stewart had to say about the events of 9/11.  In those days, Stewart was considered by many to be the best source of news on TV, better than all the evening news shows put together.  Plus, of course, the show introduced as "news correspondents" and "commentators" such people as Samantha Bee, Stephen Colbert, John Oliver, Steve Carell, Lewis Black, Jessica Williams, John Hodgman, and Larry Wilmore.

Eventually, Stewart left the show and Trevor Noah took over.  I still watch every episode.  According to the book and to the IMDB, Craig Kilborn was the host from 1996 to 1998.  I don't recall watching him at all. 

The book was not only interesting and occasionally funny, its also a good history book, showing how Right Wing nut jobs started openly running for office, eventually creating the situation we have today, where a total idiot like Donald Trump can be elected President, be admired by millions, and those same millions actually believe preposterous conspiracy theories and preach them on TV.  Facts and evidence mean absolutely nothing to them, and they say so openly.

It was an interesting and enjoyable book, which I can recommend to anyone who also enjoyed and enjoys The Daily Show.  Most others, I think, will have a hard time hearing the views of dozens of different people whose names mean nothing at all to the listener.

March 25, 2021
Groan!  As I write this comment, there are 237 messages in the sci.physics.relativity discussion thread I started just over a week ago, 29 more than yesterday at this time.  And it looks like about 9 of them might be worthy of a response.  I just need to gather the will-power to write the responses.

Yesterday, I posted a message informing everyone of an article that had appeared on Forbes magazine's web site.  The article was titled "Does Time Really Run Faster At Your Head Than Your Feet?"  The response from "Ken Seto" was that the article is wrong, and Seto's beliefs are correct.  The same answer holds when I tell Ken Seto he is wrong, and I explain how and where he is wrong.  His response is that he is correct and I am wrong.  Is it worth my time to write another response?  I dunno.  Right now I'm reading a psychology book on my Kindle, and I'm listening to another psychology book while driving.  Those books say that instead of arguing that Seto is wrong and I am right, I should ask Seto a question that pinpoints the error in his logic.  I just need to figure out how to phrase the question.

All the questions require a lot of thinking to produce an answer.  It is not because they are complex questions, it is only because if I do not phrase every word correctly, they will begin opinion vs opinion arguments over word definitions.

The discussions, however, have been very productive.  As I've state in previous comments here, it has become clear that most of the people on that forum do not understand science, they only understand mathematics.  And if you do not respond with an answer that includes mathematical equations, their response is that I need to start taking college courses so that I can discuss the mathematics intelligently.  Actually, the problem is that I need to get them to see where using math gets them into situations where Relativity becomes incomprehensible if they do not understand the science behind the situation.

It is as simple as this: 

In "Reference Frame #1," which is stationary, light is measured to travel at 300,000 kilometers per second. 

In "Reference Frame #2," which is moving at 1,000 kilometers per second away from Reference Frame #1," light is also measured to travel at 300,000 kilometers per second.

To a typical mathematician, light is traveling at the same speed in those two reference frames.  Period.

However, Relativity says that light is traveling at different speeds in those two "Reference Frames" because, due to time dilation, a clock SECOND is longer in "Reference Frame #2."

To see the difference you have to look from one "Reference Frame" into the other "Reference Frame."  OR, both reference frames can use a pulsar as a clock, a clock that is inside neither "Reference Frame," and then compare results. 

It seems many mathematicians cannot do that.  They simply cannot comprehend a reference frame that does not include everything they need to make correct computations.

They won't believe anything I tell them, so, I'm trying to ask questions that will enable them to see the problem and the solution for themselves.  I think that kind of questioning is called "psychoanalysis." 

Meanwhile, I went to a gym yesterday, for the first time in just over a year.  It's a different gym with different equipment, so I have to find the right machines and figure out how to work them.  That's simple enough, except when there is a TV set fixed to the machine.  Then I had to figure out what TV channel I want to watch while walking on a treadmill or riding an Exercycle.  I made the mistake of trying to figure out the TV while exercising.  It is a lot easier to just walk at 3.2 miles per hour than to walk at that speed while fiddling around with a TV.

Live and learn. 

March 24, 2021
As I write this comment, there are 208 messages in that sci.physics.relativity discussion thread I started on March 16.  I've only been responding to "Rob Acraman's" posts.  He asked a question, I answered it yesterday, and this morning he asked a new question.  While I was writing an answer, at least a dozen message appeared in thread, nearly all just arguments between others.  I also posted a message informing everyone of an article that appeared today on Forbes magazine's web site.  The article is titled "Does Time Really Run Faster At Your Head Than Your Feet?"  Here are the first two paragraphs from that article:
There’s no such thing as absolute time. No matter where you are, how fast you’re moving, or how strong the gravitational field is around you, any clock you have on you will always record time as passing at the same rate: one second per second. For any solitary observer, time simply flows.

But if you have two different clocks, you can compare how time flows under different conditions. If one clock remains stationary while the other travels quickly, the fast-moving clock will experience a smaller amount of time passing than the stationary clock: that’s the rule of time dilation in special relativity.
The article supports what I've been arguing, so it will be interesting to see how the forum members react to it.  The question "Rob Acraman" asked me is also addressed in the second paragraph.  His question was about what is "really" happening.  What is "really" happening is that time is ticking at different rates for different people.  Which is the real rate of time?  They are both real for their locations.  Does that mean the other location has the "wrong" time rate?  No, it means the other location has a different time rate.

The more I read the arguments on that forum, the more certain I am that there are some people who can only understand science in mathematical terms.  And, of course, they want me to talk in mathematical terms.  But I understand science in logical terms and concepts.  So, my pulsar experiment makes perfect sense to me.  But those who only understand mathematics cannot deal with it.  Firstly, as stated in my March 22 comment, they cannot understand an experiment where a "right angle" can vary from 90 degrees, even if it varies only by a billionth of a degree.  Nor can they understand using a pulsar as a clock if the pulsar gradually slows down, even if it only slows down by a billionth of second in a billion years.

And they also cannot understand a universe that is expanding into nothing.  They can only understand a universe made of stars, where the furthest star is the end of the universe.  What is beyond the furthest star?  That is an invalid question!  The universe ends at the furthest star, so there can be nothing beyond it.

This is also evidently why Relativity and Quantum Mechanics are irreconcilable and have generated arguments for over 100 years.  One is based on science, observations, concepts and experiments, and the other is just mathematics.

I could probably write a lot more about this, but it would be best put into the form of a science paper or book.  Plus, I joined a gym yesterday, and it's time for me to eat lunch and head to the gym.  While I've been doing a lot of exercising and walking during the past year, it will be my first official "gym workout" since the gym I'd been using for about a decade closed last March. 

March 22, 2021
There were 10 new messages in that sci.physics.relativity discussion thread this morning.  Message #163, the last one I posted yesterday, was my message stating that I wasn't going to respond to any further posts, since they were all just a waste of my time.  Unfortunately, I didn't say I would respond if someone posted a message that would NOT be a waste of my time to answer.  Among the 10 new messages this morning was one from "Rob Acraman," a name totally new to me.  And he asked an intelligent question!!!!! 

One of the other new messages said: "You need the attention. It makes you feel relevant. You'll always be back."  Another said I'd be back because I "need the recognition."  That made it more difficult for me to respond to Acraman's post, but I did so anyway.

My feeling when I stopped posting yesterday was that no one on the forum could ask a question that didn't involve mathematical equations, because they only understood relativity in mathematical terms.  I was talking about a space ship moving away from earth at a right angle to a pulsar, and it was like no one could comprehend that, since technically the angle to the pulsar would change as the space ship moved farther and farther away from earth.

If the space ship is moving upward at 95% of the speed of light along the vertical line on the left in the illustration above, and if the O on the right is the pulsar, the angle does change as the space ship moves.  But it has no meaningful effect on the experiment.  As long as the space ship continues at 95% of the speed of light, the space ship will still encounter 10 pulses every second from the pulsar.  It might change from 10 pulses per second to 9.99999999999999999999998 pulses per second, but it's not going to change to 7 or 5 or 2 pulses per second.

But, if you are a mathematician, and all you understand is mathematics, then the thought experiment makes no sense, because the angle between the ship and the pulsar is not a constant 90 degrees.  It can change to 90.0000000000000000001 degrees at some point.

I hadn't viewed things quite that way before.  It explains a lot.

Meanwhile, the questions Rob Acraman asked did not use mathematics, and he asked nothing requiring a mathematical equation to answer.  His questions had to do with how Einstein's First and Second Postulates seem to be in conflict or be "irreconcilable," even though Einstein stated that they are only "apparently irreconcilable."  To answer Acraman's question I had to explain how the two postulates might initially appear to be irreconcilable, but once you understand how time dilation works, they reconcile perfectly.  And I explained everything as thoroughly as I could.

Now, I'm waiting to see how many people on the forum attack me for responding when I said I wasn't going to respond any further.

Also, I notice that I am getting a lot more reads of my science papers as a result of posting to that forum.  I don't think there's been a day in the past two months where someone with a "Unique IP" hasn't read at least one paper of mine.  An average day gets about 5 new readers. Plus, one guy on the sci.physics.relativity forum started a new thread that used one of my arguments as if it was something he'd dreamed up.  Plus, I seem to get at least one person a day asking to join my "Time and Time Dilation" Facebook group, even though discussions in that group are few and far between.  I makes me feel that someone is agreeing with what I say about Relativity, and apparently more than just one someone.

March 21, 2021
Wow!  Have I been busy!!  I think the past week was the first time since I created this web site that I only had time to write my regular Sunday comment and just one other comment during the week.  The reason I was so busy was because I was in heated debates on the sci.physics.relativity discussion forum.

On Tuesday, March 16, I started a new discussion thread titled "Using a pulsar as a clock to measure Time Dilation."  As of yesterday morning, it had 133 messages in the thread.  And since most messages were addressed to me, that means 45 of the messages (about 34%) are my replies. A lot of my time was also spent making a copy of the entire discussion.

In my March 16 comment on this web site, I wrote about starting that thread, but I failed to show the illustration I used in my paper and on my web page that was the basis for the discussion.  Here's that illustration:

time dilation experiment

The "thought experiment" described in the paper uses a pulsar instead of man-made clocks to measure time dilation as a space ship from Earth travels at 95% of the speed of light toward Alpha Centauri and back.  Because of time dilation, the trip takes only one year for the people on the space ship, but it takes ten years for the people waiting back on Earth.  And people on the space ship can see that time is slowing down for them, because they will count the pulses from the pulsar as increasing to ten times the number they counted per second when they were on earth.

As is usual in arguments on the sci.physics.relativity forum, very few comments actually addressed the "thought experiment" I wanted to discuss.  Most were quibbles over words, statements of personal beliefs and personal attacks against me.  The first response that wasn't a personal attack stated:
A pulsar's rotation will slow its time and give it more energy.
By moving in space there will be the same... more time slow and energy.
Neutron stars are end state matter not a BH.
I couldn't make any sense of that at all, and I just ignored it.  Later, "Odd Bodkin" argued that, because I'm not a mathematician and do not use complex math equations in my paper, my paper is worthless and just shows my ignorance.  Then "Cliff Hallston" argued that my paper was too ambiguous, since I don't explain what I mean by saying "No one is ever behind or ahead of the other in time."  (They merely experience time pass at different rates.)  And I don't explain what "feelings" I'm talking about when I say the two parties didn't feel any effects of time dilation during the experiment.  Then "Paul B. Anderson" simply re-stated what I said in my paper, only he used mathematical equations.  Then "Ken Seto" began arguing that the experiment demonstrated that "absolute time" represented one second on the space ship when it also represented ten seconds on earth, generating a long and still unresolved debate over what constituted "absolute time." Then "Silvia Else" argued that a space ship moving away from the earth couldn't always be at a right angle from a pulsar, since the angle must change.  I informed her that the change in angle is too small to be of concern when the pulsar is 15,000 light years away from the earth and the space ship and the ship is only traveling 4.3 light years away from earth.  But they cannot mathematically accept that.  And lastly, "Mitchr" argued that pulsars are too unreliable to use as a clock, even though it is known that pulsars are EXTREMELY reliable in their rotation rates.

Near the end of the debate yesterday, I complained:
Why is everyone trying to find fault with the experiment instead of discussing what the experiment demonstrates? It demonstrates that time dilation can be discussed without any need for Traveler and Homebody being able to see each other's clocks during the experiment while they are BILLIONS of miles apart.  It demonstrates that time dilation can be discussed without any concern for the speed of light affecting how clocks are viewed when going toward the light source and away from the light source. It demonstrates that time dilation is NOT reciprocal. It demonstrates that you can have a time dilation experiment without endless arguments over what is viewed in each "frame of reference."
Then "Burt Schwartzkopf" posted his first message to the thread.  It said simply:
Your point is?
To which I replied:
My point is that by using a pulsar to measure time, you can eliminate 99% of the arguments over how time dilation works when one twin travels to a nearby star and the other twin stays at home on earth.

And it makes clear that TIME is something that can be affected by motion and gravity, so time is not just a concept or idea. It is something PHYSICAL.
That was message #149, and my last message for the day.

When I turned on my computer this morning, I saw there were 162 messages in the thread.  Scanning through the 13 new messages, I don't see a single one that seems worthy of a response, since I would just be repeating what I've already repeated over and over and over.

But I'll definitely add those 13 new messages to my saved copy of the entire thread.  As I see it, the discussion was worthwhile because it demonstrated once again that no one has an intelligent argument against the thought experiment or against my understanding of time dilation.  Their arguments are all the same: If I change my mind and believe what they believe, then I will see that I was wrong.

But if I am wrong, WHERE am I wrong?  Their answer to that seems to be that I am wrong because I didn't explain things by using mathematical equations.  And the only thing they understand is mathematical equations.

It seems clear that I need to stop arguing and just put my ideas into a book.  Maybe no one will read the book, but just organizing the book and writing everything down will help clear my mind.  And there are a lot of personal matters that I need to start focusing on, anyway.  I'm going to move sometime in the next year or so, and I've got 30 years worth of accumulated stuff to sort through.    

Comments for Sunday, March 14, 2021, thru Sat., March 20, 2021:

March 16, 2021 -  I just started a new thread on the sci.physics.relativity discussion forum.  The topic is "Using a Pulsar as a Clock to Measure Time Dilation."  It's an idea that occurred to me some time in 2013.  I created a web page about it on March 23, 2014, and I created a science paper about it on May 31, 2015.  But, as far as can recall, I never discussed it with anyone.

A few days ago, I mentioned it on my Time and Time Dilation Facebook group, and that same day I got 30 unique IP reads of the May 2015 paper, probably a daily record.  But no discussion.  Just 3 "likes."

And the first response on the sci.physics.relativity forum was what appears to be a personal attack.  I asked if anyone saw any fault in the thought experiment, and "Dirk Van de moortel" (who is on my "Do Not Reply" list) responded:
I do see a fault in the assumptions you make about your relevance.
Needless to say, I'm not going to respond to that. 

Using pulsars to measure time dilation seems like an obvious idea that should have occurred to a lot of people.  When I research pulsars and time dilation, however, the only papers I find are about pulsars and gravitational time dilation. The experiments I describe are about velocity time dilation.  And the papers I find seem to be about "gravitational radiation" or "gravitation waves."   

Of course, measuring velocity time dilation using a pulsar may be very difficult if you do not have a rocket ship that can travel at 95% of the speed of light, which is what I use in my paper.  But, it should be interesting to see what arguments there are against it, or if anyone can create an argument against it.

As I see it, if the experiment can be performed in any way, it should put an end to debates that have raged for over 110 years.  It would eliminate any argument that time dilation is just an illusion.

March 14, 2021
-  I had hoped that mentioning my sci-fi novel "Time Work" on the Science Fiction Facebook forum would draw some attention, but my announcement seems to have gone into some area where no one visits.  I didn't even get a comment or question.  In response to my post on Imgur.com, I got a couple congratulations, but there's no evidence that it prompted anyone to actually buy the book.  And what is really strange is that my attempts to promote "Time Work" somehow prompted a couple people to buy copies of "Clipper." 

I'm going to have to try to think of some better ways to promote the book. 

Instead, however, it seems all I can think about is an idea that occurred to me on Friday afternoon.  The idea may have been prompted by thoughts about "anti-time" as depicted in "Time Work" combined with some recent arguments on my Time and Time Dilation Facebook forum about Time Dilation, but suddenly all I could think about was "Time Contraction."  Time Dilation is the slowing of time as you gain speed.  Time Contraction is the speeding up of time when you slow down again. 

Researching the subject, I found a few people have asked the question I've been asking myself, and the answers mostly seem to be from mathematicians who do not believe in Time Dilation, so they certainly and emphatically do not believe in Time Contraction.  Or the author just writes gobbledygook.  Example:
Nature succeeds in accelerating extended and massive objects to relativistic velocities. Jets in active galactic nuclei and in galactic superluminal sources and gamma-ray burst fireballs have bulk Lorentz factors from a few to several hundreds. A variety of effects then arises, such as the beaming of the radiation produced, light aberration, time contraction and the Doppler frequency shift. I will emphasize that special relativity applied to real (i.e., extended) observed objects inevitably must take into account the fact that any piece of information is carried by photons. Being created in different parts of the source, they travel different paths to reach the observer, depending on the viewing angle. The object is seen rotated, not contracted, and at small viewing angles time intervals are observed shorter than intrinsic ones.
"Time contraction" is an interesting idea for me because the Earth is spinning on its axis at a rate of 1,040 miles per hour, it's orbiting the sun at 67,000 miles per hour, it's moving with the sun around the center of the Milky Way galaxy at 486,000 miles per hour, and it's moving along with the Milky Way Galaxy in the direction of the constellation Hydra at 1,342,161 miles per hour. 

1,342,161 miles per hour certainly seems very fast, but in reality it is just 373 miles per second.  When Time Dilation is calculated, that means that 1 second at zero speed is 1.0000020027761 seconds at 1,342,161 miles per hour.  That's still a very small difference in the length of a second that can really only be measured with atomic clocks.

What I'm wondering about is: Could Time Contraction be used to point to the location of the Big Bang?  In an off-hand way it seems somewhat logical, given that we are still in an "expanding universe."  But when you look at all the complications, it is totally mind-boggling.  I've been thinking of writing a paper about it, but I'm not even sure where to begin.  The only place to begin is to start writing.  The audio book I'm currently listening to when driving my car is telling me that I have to start feeding information to my sub-conscious mind.  It will try to sort things out.  And the best way to feed things to my sub-conscious mind is to write them down.  But there are complications.  Here's a quote from the book:
          Brains are like representative democracies. They are built of multiple, overlapping experts who weigh in and compete over different choices. As Walt Whitman correctly surmised, we are large and we harbor multitudes within us.
          And those multitudes are locked in chronic battle.
          There is an ongoing conversation among the different factions in your brain, each competing to control the single output channel of your behavior. As a result, you can accomplish the strange feats of arguing with yourself, cursing at yourself, and cajoling yourself to do something—feats that modern computers simply do not do. When the hostess at a party offers chocolate cake, you find yourself on the horns of a dilemma: some parts of your brain have evolved to crave the rich energy source of sugar, and other parts care about the negative consequences, such as the health of your heart or the bulge of your love handles. Part of you wants the cake and part of you tries to muster the fortitude to forgo it. The final vote of the parliament determines which party controls your action—that is, whether you put your hand out or up. In the end, you either eat the chocolate cake or you do not, but you cannot do both.
          Because of these internal multitudes, biological creatures can be conflicted.
Amen.  I feel that conflict right now.  Should I start writing a paper about Time Contraction, or should I just lie down on my couch and read a book?  Or should I just sit here, staring at my computer, unable to decide?

Comments for Sunday, March 7, 2021, thru Sat., March 13, 2021:

March 11, 2021 -  Ah!  The copies of my new sci-fi novel, "Time Work," that I ordered back around February 22 arrived yesterday afternoon. 

Time Work

To my pleasant surprise, they included the changes I made
on February 27 as a result of the book being proof-read by "tinkerdan," even though, as of this morning, those changes have not yet appeared in the "Look Inside" feature on Amazon's page for my book.

This morning I took the picture you see above and then put it in on Imgur.com in their public comments section.  I don't know if anyone will pay it any attention, but since it is a self-published book, I need to get all the free advertising I can get.  I also mentioned it on my Time and Time Dilation Facebook group.  It quickly got one "like."  I tried mentioning it on the Science Fiction Facebook group, but first it had to go through their moderators.  To my pleasant surprise, it was approved almost immediately.   

March 10, 2021
While eating breakfast this morning, I finished reading another library book on my Kindle.  It was "The Comedians: Drunks, Thieves, Scoundrels, and the History of American Comedy" by Kliph Nesteroff. 

The Comedians

It's a very interesting book about "stand-up comedians," i.e. comedians who make a living (or try to make a living) by making an audience laugh.  It begins with vaudeville comedians like the Marx Brothers and Bob Hope and ends with TV comedians like Jon Stewart and Jimmy Kimmel.  Along the way there was radio, night clubs, comedy clubs and podcasts.  And there was "The Mob."  Here's a quote from the book:
The Mob essentially created the term “stand-up comic”—according to eighty-six-year-old comedian Dick Curtis. “The Outfit used to manage fighters. A stand-up fighter is a guy that is a puncher. A stand-up guy was a guy who was tough and you could depend on. The Outfit managed fighters and they managed clubs that booked comics, so the term found its way into the lexicon of nightclubs. A guy who just stood there and punched jokes—joke, joke, joke—he was a stand-up comic.”
and another:
For a good forty years the Mob controlled American show business. “It was always ‘Outfit’ to us,” says comedian Dick Curtis. “Never the Mob or Cosa Nostra or any of the other names you might have heard. These guys were the Outfit.” From the 1930s through the end of the 1960s every city in America had at least one glamorous supper club, if not four or five, featuring the top headliners in every showbiz genre. Furthermore, it didn’t matter if these clubs were in Cleveland, Portland, Corpus Christi or Baton Rouge—if it was a nightclub, the owners were the Mob. “The clubs were owned by bootleggers and even a few killers,” said actor George Raft, who had worked as a dancer in New York supper clubs. “In my time I knew or met them all. Al Capone, Joe Adonis, Frank Costello, Vito Genovese, Dutch Schultz, Machine Gun Jack McGurn, Lucky Luciano, Vinnie Coll—most of them were around.”
In places it was a very funny book, but mostly it was about how difficult it is to make a living by making people laugh.  I can understand that, since I think every time I've tried to tell a joke to an audience of more than one person, the joke fell flat.  It's interesting to write jokes, however.  And I have occasionally created cartoons.  Here's one, but I'm not sure how funny others will think it is:
discussing Einstein

March 9, 2021
- Groan!!!  There just aren't enough hours in a day!!! 
I have a Facebook forum called "Time and Time Dilation" which normally has about 2 brief conversations per year. But people keep asking to join.  It now has 76 members.  Two joined this morning.

I created the forum years ago to discuss Time and Time Dilation.  I wanted a forum where I could kick people off of it if they started arguing mathematics against science and logic, which is what I constantly encounter on other science forums.  I've only had a few occasions to kick people off my forum.  One was because they tried to use the forum to sell knickknacks, another wanted to sell a psychology book.  And one wanted to peddle mathematicians' beliefs.

A couple days ago, I had another mathematician who wanted to sell his beliefs via my group.  As is usual, he called my arguments "nonsense" and would just preach his beliefs.  I tried to get him to discuss specific issues, but, like most other mathematicians, he was evidently incapable of discussing anything.  All he could do what declare his beliefs and argue that whatever I wrote was "just plain wrong" without explaining how it was wrong.  I argued with him for a couple days, telling him that if he couldn't answer questions and stop making declarations, I would boot him off the forum.  He didn't stop, so yesterday I booted him off.  But I left the arguments intact to show why he was booted off.

I wondered how the others on the forum would react.  They posted no comments, and, as stated above, this morning two new people asked to join.  They do, however, post "likes" sometimes when I make comments.  I think they are all others who dislike arguing with mathematicians, but I don't know for sure.  Maybe I should ask.

Hmm.  One of the people who joined this morning must have read my mind.  He just posted a message explaining why he joined the forum.  It was because he had just watched the movie "Interstellar."  Maybe his post will prompt others to explain why they joined.

I also keep wanting to mention my sci-fi novel on the forum.  I don't think it would be entirely off-base, since the book is about manipulating time.  But first I need to get the book into better shape.  And, that is where I've been spending most of my time.  I made the corrections to typos in the book, and I wanted to make one more change, but I wanted to "fix" the manuscript first, by combining the "front matter" pages (which have no page numbers) with the main text (which has page numbers) into one single WORD file.  I've never been able to do that.  I could only create separate PDF files for the two parts, and then merge the PDF files.  The guy who found all the typos in the book told me how to do it in WORD. But, his explanation didn't seem to work.  I had to experiment to find out for myself how to divide the book into two "sections."  Once you know how, it's simple, but figuring out how is tedious and complicated. 

On top of those issues, I have a truly major issue.  Sometime fairly soon, maybe this coming summer or fall, I plan to move from Wisconsin to Virginia. And that will require going through decades of accumulated junk to see what I should take along and what I should  sell or give to Goodwill or the Salvation Army.  Right now, I find it hard to even think about it.

March 7, 2021
- Hmm.  Last Monday I wrote about joining a couple Internet forums where I thought I might be able to promote my new sci-fi novel "Time Work."   One was the Facebook forum "Science Fiction," and the other was a blog called "Science Fiction and Fantasy Chronicles," also known as "SFFC."  I mentioned how "tinkerdan" had read the first three chapters of my book via Amazon's "Look Inside" feature, and on SFFC he pointed out two typos that I had failed to notice. 

It appears that "tinkerdan" then bought a Kindle copy of "Time Work" and went through the entire book twice, making notes of my typos.  Then he displayed all 30 of the typos in a comment on the SFFC blog, along with several other errors he found.  In effect, he proof-read my book.  With a couple exceptions about punctuation, everything he pointed out was worth correcting.

For example, on page 9, I wrote:
I could a vaguely make out what looked like a bank of some kind of large batteries.
And "tinkerdan" pointed out that it should be "I could vaguely make out ..." without the "a" between could and vaguely.

It's a true typo that I somehow failed to see in the many times I read the book, although it's totally possible I created the typo while fixing something else on the final version.

There were about 29 more such typos.  And then he mentioned some errors.  For example, he wrote:
FYI: I'm not sure how you are using the word davit in relation to the trucks.
I did a search through the manuscript for the word "davit."  I only used it once.  I used it in this sentence:
McGinnis then tied the chopper owner to a tie-down davit on the wall near the front of the helicopter.
I checked the definition for "davit" and found I'd used a totally wrong word. A davit is defined as "a small crane on board a ship, especially one of a pair for suspending or lowering a lifeboat."  I meant "cleat," which is defined as "a T-shaped piece of metal or wood, especially on a boat or ship, to which ropes are attached." So, I fixed that.

"Tinkerdan" also thought that my use of the word "mufti" might offend some people.  Huh?   I had written:
A few military people in camouflage fatigues were enjoying a meal there.  But, mostly it was just smiling and hungry people in mufti.
Looking up the word, I found it has two definitions.  The first is "a Muslim legal expert who is empowered to give rulings on religious matters."  The second meaning of mufti is "'ordinary clothes,' when they're worn by people who usually wear a uniform. So a soldier wearing civilian clothes might be said to be in mufti."

I changed it to "civilian clothing."

I also wrote, ""I woofed down a cup of yogurt and then headed to the health club for a workout."  Tinkerdan pointed out that the word should be "wolfed."  He was right, so I corrected it.

When I made all the changes to the manuscript, I decided I'd see if I could make the changes to the Kindle and paperback versions on Amazon.com.  No problem. I made the changes in less than a half hour.  I also thought about thanking "Tinkerdan" in the acknowledgments section, but it didn't seem right to use a screen name, so I didn't do it. 

Then, when I was finished updating the Kindle and paperback versions, I returned to the SFFC forum and found that "Tinkerdan" had posted a message saying that, if I wanted to thank him, I could use his real name, which he provided.  I tried to make that change, but Amazon hadn't yet completed work on my previous changes and wouldn't let me make any more.  So, I'll try applying that change later today or tomorrow.

Someone else had offered to proof-read my manuscript a couple weeks ago, but I turned him down because I was afraid of getting opinions about the story before publishing it, which could delay publishing indefinitely.  Plus there didn't seem any easy way to provide him with a copy of the book in manuscript format.  "Tinkerdan" simply bought a Kindle copy and proof-read it.

"Tinkerdan" also provide my first review of "Time Work."  He wrote on the SFFC forum:  "
It's a good story.  The science is a bit wonky; but that always happens with time travel stories."

Other interests:

fake picture of snow on
                    the pyramids
 Click HERE for an analysis of this fake photo.

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